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Summary

 

This article is discussing comics in the Belgian newspapers during the years 1945-1950 from two different perspectives. The first part deepens the policy of comicpublication of twenty newspapers: which papers published what, how many comics were published, how did the newspapers cope with the comics, what was their importance, what was the origin of the comics, how was the interaction with the authors,? It appears that in the studied newspapers, comics were important till very important, apart from a few exceptions. They were used as a salesargument, they were given a lot of attention and were quite often published. What's also remarkable is the big diversity of the published items, with regard to style, genre and country of origine. The Belgian share is here certainly not to be underestimated.

In the second part there is examined if the comics in the involved papers had an opinionfunction apart from a relaxationfunction. The answer to this question is obviously yes, although there are very big differences between the different papers and authors. It's impossible to give comprehensive explanation, weather political contentions are present in stories or not appears to be a combination of a whole serie of factors (the author's point of view, the paper's expectations, the delivery of stories by agencies etc.). Anyway, it's clear that the comics by the existing press passed political contentions on to the readers, contentions going from serious items (the royal question, the cold war, the repression, the elections, the Second World War, the importance of the democracy, the danger of the A-bomb and other inventions, communism and anticommunism) till bland daily trivialities such as punctuality and prices of the trams.

 

Translation by Noortje Thermote.